PhD, UCLA (1972)


  • Near Eastern History


Selected Publications
  • “Michael the Syrian as a Source for Economic History,” Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 3, no. 2 (July 2000)
  • Near East, II Land Use and Settlement Patterns (Princeton: Darwin Press, 1994), 221-29
  • “Commerce in Early Islamic Iraq,” asiem afrika latein amerika, 20 (1993), 699-720
  • “The Age of Conversions: A Reassessment,” in M. Gervers and J. Bikhazi, eds., Conversion and Continuity. Indigenous Christian Communities in Islamic Lands, Eighth to Eighteenth centuries (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1990), 135-50.
  • “The Arabisation of the Gulf,” in B.R. Pridham, ed., The Arab Gulf and the Arab World (London: Croom Helm, 1988), 3-28.
  • The History of al-Tabari,, Vol. XVIII, Between Civil Wars: The Caliphate of Mu’awiyah (Albany, 1987).
  • “Land Use and Settlement Patterns in Late Sasanian and Early Islamic Iraq,” in G.R.O. King and Averil Cameron, The Byzantine and Early Islamic 
  • “Landholding and Social Change: Lower al-‘Iraq in the Early Islamic Period,” in T. Khalidi, Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East (Beirut, 1984), 209-22.
  • Iraq After the Muslim Conquest (1983).