• Ph.D. student, Arabic, University of California, Los Angeles, (expected June 2020)
  • Doctoral Candidate, Arabic, University of California, Los Angeles, 2018
  • M.A., Arabic, University of California, Los Angeles, Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, 2016
  • JewsEast, Presenter and Participant, 10-day program, Bochum, Germany, 2018
  • Christian Arabic, Beth Mardutho, summer 2016
  • Syriac Summer Institute, Syriac II, Beth Mardutho, summer 2015
  • Arabic 8-week Intensive, Middlebury College, summer 2014
  • B.A., The King’s University, Theological Studies, 2013


  • Jewish-Christian-Muslim Relations
  • Christians under Islamic Rule
  • Arabic Christianity
  • Ahmad b. Hanbal
  • Baghdad



  • “Abū Bakr al-Khallāl,” in Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History (Leiden: Brill, 2017), eds. David Thomas and John Chesworth (under review)
  • “Abū Bakr al-Khallāl,” in Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia (Abingdon: Routledge, 2019), eds. Josef Meri, Clair Gordon and Thomas Noble. (under review)
  • “Abū Bakr al-Khallāl,” in Jewish-Christian Relations: From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. A Source History (600-1800), eds. Barbara Roggema and Alexandra Cuffel (forthcoming)
  • “Baghdad in the Mediterranean World” in Windows in the Medieval Mediterranean 470-1350 (Taylor and Francis), ed. Jeanette Fregulia (under review)
  • Review of Between Christ and Caliph: Law Marriage and Christian Community in Early Islam, in Comitatus 50, 2019
Conference Presentations

2016   From Byzantium to Islam: Muslim Perspectives on Christian Uses of Alcohol, International Medieval Congress, July 1-3  (Paper accepted but not presented due to travel circumstances)

2017   Economic Parity between Christians and Muslims in Ninth Century Baghdad, Christianity in the Islamic World, International Medieval Congress, July 3-6

2017   The Power of Prayer: Overcoming Religious Boundaries in Crises, The Oxford Symposium on Religious Studies, December 3-6

2018   Praying Together: The Institution of Istisqāʾ in Iraq (Christians and Muslims praying together), The Society for Muslim Ethics, January 18

2018   Christians under Islamic Rule: The Benefits of Collaboration and Inclusion, Inclusion and Exclusion in the Middle Ages, International Medieval Conference, Kalamazoo, May 10-13

2019   Characterizing the Social World of the 9th century: Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal’s Responsa, American Oriental Society, March 14-17

2019   Enslaved to Childhood, Designated Presenter, Thematic Discussion, Semantics of Slavery, MESA, November 2019

2019   Enslaved to Freedom, MESA, November 2019


Abū Bakr al-Khallāl, Non-Muslim Religious Communities (in progress)

Honors & Awards

  • 2013 Outstanding Baccalaureate Scholar Graduate, The King’s University
  • 2013 Summa cum laude, B.A. Degree, The King’s University
  • 2014 Mellon Award, University of California Los Angeles



  • Jerusalem: Holy City (S17)
  • ESL: Public Speaking (S18)
  • ESL: Business Communication (S18)
  • ESL: High-Intermediate Writing and Communication for International Graduate Students (F18, W19)

Teaching Associate

  • The Emergence of Islam (F15) at The King’s University. Designed and developed course.
  • Introduction to Islam (F15)
  • History of the Middle East 500-1300 CE (Reader F15)
  • Origins of Judaism, Christianity and Islam (W16, W17)
  • Making and Studying Modern Middle East (SP16, SP17)
  • Jerusalem: Holy City (F16, W18)
  • International Intervention in Ethnic and Civil Conflicts of the Middle East (F16 Reader)
  • Elementary Arabic 1A (F17)

Invited Lectures

  • 2017   “Abbasids” in Middle Eastern History 500-1200, UCLA
  • 2017   “Muhammad and the Early Believers” in The Origins of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, UCLA
  • 2017   “The Development of Arabic Scripts” in Visible Language, UCLA
  • 2017   “The Islamic Empire in the late 2nd/8th century” in Middle Eastern History 500-  1200, UCLA
  • 2017   “Intellectual and Religious Currents of the Early cAbbāsī Period (c. 750-830 C.E.)” in Middle Eastern History 500-1200, UCLA
  • 2017   “The Fragmentation of the Islamic Empire in the 3rd/9th Century” in Middle Eastern History 500-1200, UCLA

Fields of Interest

  • Arabic Languages and Cultures
  • Arabic Christianity
  • Islamic Studies
  • Middle East (West Asian) History
  • Christian-Muslim-Jewish Relations