PhD, Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison
MS, Economics, Pahlavi University in Shiraz, Iran


  • Concept of peace
  • Nineteenth century social and political thought in Iran
  • Impact of Baha’i faith on the Iranian Constitutional Movement
  • Role of the Baha’i in the development and modernization of Iran
  • Writings of the Bab and Baha’u’llah
  • Translation of the Persian Bayan (by the Bab) into English
  • Persian Philosophy



Additional Books

  • The Birth of Social Theory: Social Thought in the Enlightenment and Romanticism. Lanham: University Press of America, 1993.


  • Baha’i Faith in Iran: Historical and Sociological Survey (Iranian M105A)
  • Baha’i Faith in Iran: Baha’i Teachings that Transformed Iranian Community and Made it Open to Modernity (Iranian M105B)
  • Baha’i Faith in Iran: 20th-Century Iran and Baha’is (Iranian M105C)